A square panel, either carved or plain, in a classical frieze, set between two triglyphs.
A niche in the prayer hall of a mosque, which is positioned to indicate the direction of Mecca and is often elaborately decorated with tiles or mocarabe ornament.
A form of ornament used in Islamic architecture, in which miniature arches and stalactitelike forms adorn ceilings and vaults.
A movement in architecture originating in the early 20th century, concerned with adapting architecture to social needs. Modernist architects were influenced by the idea of functionalism (the form a building takes should be dictated by its function). They built with steel, concrete, and glass, and rejected ornamentation. Modernist buildings tend to be asymmetrical, have flat roofs, and be lit by long strips of windows.
In Islamic architecture a building that is used for prayer and oriented toward Mecca. A mosque may incorporate a school as well as a prayer hall.
A decorative edging or band, often of carved stone, projecting from a wall or other surface.
An elegant style of architecture with intricate decoration that developed in India under the Mughal emperors (early 16th to the early 18th centuries). It incorporated Persian and Asian elements, such as onion-shaped domes.
A vertical upright dividing a window into sections.
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