Floor Tile Design Ideas
The dhurry is the traditional flatweave rug of India. Dhurries are made from cotton rather than wool, giving them a slightly harder quality than a kilim. As the dyes are taken up differently by the yarn they tend to be less brilliantly coloured than their wool cousins. Traditionally there were three types of dhurry the bed dhurry was placed under a mattress; the prayer dhurry rugs and carpets was divided into a series of prayer niches; and the room dhurry was intended for use in rooms. This latter type was the largest and could be enormous. The finest dhurries were woven in Indian prisons between 1880 and 1920 – an enlightened policy designed to relieve the monotony of prison life. Sometimes carpet designs were copied from imported Persian or Afghan carpets by prison warders or their wives, or new designs were drawn. Because of the influence of colonialism, traditional folk design tends to be watered down. Mosques or Hindu shrines appear frequently, although they tend to be quite geometric due to the construction of the dhurry. Today, dhurries are manufactured in factories for the Western market and are characterized by insipid pastel colours and sparse designs.
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Needlepoint is the sewing of a yarn, usually wool, using a variety of different types of stitch, into a ready-made canvas backing. During the eighteenth century in England needlework carpets enjoyed some popularity. Copies of traditional designs are made today in needlepoint as very few of the originals survive, along with designs associated with other types of carpet, in the style of the French Aubusson, for example. The origins of this particularly elegant and sophisticated style were tapestry-woven carpets made almost exclusively for French royalty and aristocracy, which as a consequence makes the originals rare and extremely valuable.
Needlepoint is also used in the recreation of other eighteenth- and nineteenth-century European designs and for creating original work as well, although many of the rugs are likely actually to be made in places such as China where labour costs are low. B
Tufted carpet and rugs
The gabbeh is a rug woven by the tribes of southern Iran. They are quite unlike more traditional Oriental carpets as they are woven for personal use in
a much freer and more spontaneoi style, their designs often taken froi the weaver’s immediate surrounding Animals, birds and people and simp shapes such as diamonds or the tree life also feature, the motifs often beir used more sparingly than on trad tional carpets with larger areas of pla] colour. Largely made in factories no’ to satisfy Western demand, gabbehs a] made from either natural or dye wool, left unclipped and shaggy.
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