3. Do not add further liquid until stage 4 has been completed. 4. For liquid stains, eg tea, coffee, alcohol, absorb all liquid by blotting with tissues as soon as possible. Do not rub or scrub. Use a blotting action. For food-based or other solid stains, scrape excess material off the surface of the carpet with a blunt instrument, being careful not to abrade surface. 5. If stain remains after carrying out stage 4, apply white cloth or tissue moistened with dry solvent for a greasy stain, eg soup, gravy, or with carpet shampoo for a water-based stain, eg jam, potato. Moisten tissue and dab at stain, starting from the outside and working towards the centre. 6. If stain is still evident, repeat stages 4 and 5 until stain disappears. 7. After carrying out previous instructions, cover damp area with a thick wad of tissue weighted down with a telephone directory or heavy books to absorb any residual moisture and leave for four to five hours, if possible. 8. Remember, don’t add any further liquid until you have carried out stage 4. Don’t rub or scrub, or use excess liquid; use only moistened tissue. 9. If your endeavours have still not been successful, call in professional help -preferably a member of the National Carpet Cleaners’ Association (NCCA). 10. Last but not least, remove chewing gum from carpets by hardening the gum with ice cubes until brittle. Hit with a hammer and brush away the particles. Should this treatment not prove sufficient to remove the offending stain, there are special preparations available from NCCA associate members (for list, see below).