The exception was, of course, the Biennale, where architectural innovation had always been welcomed, even expected. One of the most prominent intrusions into the Venetian centro storico was the new headquarters of the principal bank of Venice, the Cassa di Risparmio di Venezia, in Campo Manin fig. 177. The original appearance of this campo, formerly Campo San Paternian, is known from prints and old 176 Headquarters of the Societa Adriatica di Elettricita, by Angelo Scattolin and Luigi Vetti, 1954 177 Cassa di Risparmio di Venezia, Campo Manin, by Pier Luigi Nervi and Angelo Scattolin, designed 1964 290 THE ARCHITECTURAL HISTORY OF VENICE photographs.48 These show the picturesque hexagonal campanile of San Paternian, which was demolished in 1871, together with the church of the same name, to make more space for a monument to Daniele Manin in the campo. In 1906 the Cassa di Risparmio erected its first building on the site, a discreet neo-Lombardesque construction. Yet little more than half a century later the bank decided to replace it. The new design produced in 1964 was the work of Italy’s greatest twentieth-century architect, Pier Luigi Nervi, in collaboration with the Venetian architect Angelo Scattolin. 49 Nervi’s brilliant use of concrete to create bold, dynamic spatial effects, seen for example in the two sports halls and the stadium that he built for the Rome Olympic Games in i960, makes the interior of the new bank dramatic and imposing.