Professional liability insurance so called errors and omissions insurance for architects became a prohibitive cost factor when premiums were raised frequently, unevenly, and dramatically 300-400 per cent was not uncommon, even with no claims involved. The one resource the architect had, was to opt out of the construction sequence, and limit liability exposure by simply not participating in, or being available for any work in the actual construction phase. The architectural office became a mere document production element, producing drawings and specifications â€“ nothing more. This left the owner and contractors to do as they wished with not only the design concept, but how it was executed. Still, in all too m any cases, architects were forced to defend themselves in lawsuits, mostly frivolous but nonetheless costly to defend or demur from. This has evolved into reliance on more rigorous risk management as a way to provide the necessary documents and expertise, but at minimal risk exposure. With a wide open field for the basis of law suits, the professionals are continuing to address how they provide their services without opening Fig. 3-2a Display showing the numerous influences on the design process that provides varying input, impact and parameters on how the design concept can be or is created and developed. Assess and relate the items on this chart with the photograph above â€“ how did the design concept evolve from the owner’s requirements? How was the building constructed? What portions had to be modified, adjusted or resolved during the design process to meet other parameters? etc.