Affordable Flooring Ideas
Laying the underlay
Begin by nailing or gluing the gripper strr into position 6mm (/(in) away from the skir ing, with the gripper spikes facing the wal Use a tackifier adhesive to secure the unde lay to the subfloor. This type of adhesive do not go solid to form a permanent bond, bi stays slightly tacky so the floor-covering ci be lifted at a later date without damage to tl subfloor. Apply the tackifier adhesive with notched trowel or paint roller according 1 the manufacturer’s instructions. Allow tl adhesive to dry to clear, as specified by tl manufacturer depending on condition approx. 40 minutes. Unroll the underlay ovi the adhesive with the rubber side down ar trim it to fit against the gripper strips; eac length of underlay must butt up against tl one already laid. Go over the floor with carpet glider or a long-handled soft broon pressing down firmly to ensure a good bon The natural floor-covering can be laid ovt the underlay immediately.
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Laying the floor-covering
Cut the material roughly to size, allowing a extra 75mm (3in) on all edges for trimmins If the room is more than 4m (13ft) wide, stai at the wall furthest from the door and lay th material loosely into position on the floo Mark the edge of the floor-covering with pencil or chalk line as a rough guide for th application of the adhesive. Roll the flooi covering back on itself and away from th wall, without moving the whole piece, an exposing half the floor area. Use a suitabl notched spreader and apply the correc amount of permanent carpet adhesive to th underlay. Some of the rough-backed floor coverings, such as coir, will require the us of a coarse spreader which applies a greate quantity of adhesive in order to ensure strong bond. Your supplier will advise you
Carefully roll the floor-covering back over the wet adhesive and go over the glued area with a carpet glider to press the material into place. Now roll the unglued half of the floor-covering back on itself and repeat the process on the other side. If a second strip of material is required, only apply the adhesive within 20cm (8in) of the marked line. The second strip should be cut to length allowing the same extra 7.5cm (3in) for trimming, as described above. Then overlap the second piece over the first by 7.5cm (3in) and cut the excess from the wall, again allowing a margin for trimming. If a third strip is needed, the trimming will only be necessary on the final length.
The second strip can be glued into place as described for the first length starting from the seam. Remember to leave a 20cm (8in) strip at the seam without glue. Finally, glue the half-strip adjacent to the wall.
Trim the excess from the walls with a sharp knife, taking great care not to cut yourself with the knife or snag your hands on the gripper strip spikes which are very sharp. Fold the material against the skirting hoard and cut it along the base against a board to protect the skirting ensuring that you allow enough material to tuck into the gap between the gripper strip and the wall.
Trim the seam or seams using a straight edge and knife. Cut through both of the overlapping strips at the same time for a perfect finish. Place a piece of hardboard or plywood underneath the floor-covering to prevent the knife slicing into the underlay. Cut edges do not need binding because the floor-covering is backed, which prevents flaying. Fold back the edges of the seams and apply adhesive to the underlay and press the edges firmly down. Go over the whole floor again with the carpet glider or broom, or a roller, to ensure the floor-covering is firmly bedded into the adhesive. Finally, use a bolster chisel to press the material home at the edges for a neat finish. In a doorway a binder bar is a safe and easy option. Fix the bar in position adjacent to the doorstop, mark the position of the centre line on the floor-covering and trim. Press it in place under the bar with a bolster chisel.
1 Secure gripper strips close to skirting, spikes facing the wall; if nailing in place, use cardboard to protect skirting.
2 Apply tackifier adhesive with notched trowel up to the strips to fix the underlay to the subfloor; let dry to clear.
3 Lay the underlay rubber-side down and trim to fit against gripper strips; press firmly for good bond.
5 Taking care to avoid gripper spikes, trim excess with sharp knife at base of skirting against a protective board.
6 For a seam, overlap two strips, and cut through both layers onto a board. Fold back, glue and press into place.
7 Use a bolster chisel to tuck the trimmed floor-covering snugly into the gripper strips at the edges for a neat finish.
4 Roll back material on itself, apply adhesive on exposed half, roll back matting, and press. Repeat with other half.
8 Cut binder bar to length with a hacksaw, nail in place, trim floor-covering to fit and press home with a chisel.
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