This plastic, ABS, is a thermoplastic copolymer, made by combining the polymers acrylonitrile, butadiene, and styrene. Although more expensive than pure styrene, ABS has strength, impact resistance, and toughness. In building construction, ABS is used for plumbing pipes. In interiors, acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene is used for furniture edging and other components of furniture.
Epoxy is a thermosetting copolymer consisting of an epoxide resin and polyamine hardener. Polymerization occurs by curing. The first experimentation with epoxy resin was in the United States in 1927. In 1936, in the United States, Dr. Pierre Castan and Dr. S. O. Greenlee developed bisphenol A-based epoxy. Epoxy is used in coatings, adhesives, and grouts. It also serves as a base or matrix for composite materials such as fiberglass, resinous poured flooring, and epoxy terrazzo. Epoxy fumes can cause allergic reactions. The presence of bisphenol A in epoxy is also a health concern.
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Furan is a black plastic resin that is used as a grout or stain when strong bonds and chemical and corrosion resistance are needed. Furan is toxic and requires careful handling. It is used in chemical laboratories and industrial locations.
Application: Using Information Regarding Interior Finish Materials
When specifying plastic products to be used on an interior, the designer must first be aware of the typical reaction of different types of plastics when exposed to fire. Thermosetting plastics will usually decompose rather than burn, but they emit toxic gasses when doing so. Thermoplastics generally melt. Individual types of plastics vary in their level of flammability.